Which Fluoropolymer?


Engineers often face questions regarding which fluoropolymer to select for various design scenarios, so an understanding of fluorine’s role is invaluable when making that selection decision. Browse the Best info about Welke fluorpolymeer?

Fluoropolymer plastics include PTFE, PVDF, ECTFE, and PFA – each having unique properties such as chemical resistance, electrical insulation, and thermal stability.


Teflon(r) is one of the world’s premier fluoropolymers, boasting an astonishing variety of industrial uses. As an incredible chemical resistance and thermal/electrical conductivity material, as well as low melting point, high tensile strength, and good insulation properties, Teflon stands out among all other fluoropolymers as one of the finest industrial materials ever developed.

PTFE is produced via free-radical addition polymerization of TFE monomers. The resultant semi-crystalline polymer has covalent solid bonds and an irregularly symmetrical structure; fluorine atoms encase its carbon backbone to prevent hydrogen bonds from forming, thus giving PTFE exceptional chemical inertness and corrosion resistance properties. Furthermore, carbon-fluorine bonds in PTFE are more robust and denser than equivalent bonds found in other polymers.

PTFE’s exceptional mechanical and thermal properties can be attributed to its dense molecular structure. With outstanding tensile strength, elasticity, abrasion resistance, non-toxicity, low smoke production, and inert properties, it makes an excellent material for making wear-resistant parts and seals that withstand wear-and-tear conditions. Due to its non-toxicity, low smoke production properties as well and inert properties, it can also be formed into different shapes and sizes easily, making this non-toxic, non-hazardous material highly durable against chemicals solvents and extreme temperatures (-260degC to +260degC).

Fillers such as fibers or particles can enhance PTFE’s performance for specific applications by increasing its elongation, increasing abrasion resistance, or decreasing low/high-temperature creep behavior, as well as changing its dielectric constant and electrical conductivity.


PVDF is a semi-crystalline, chemically resistant fluoropolymer material with superior mechanical strength and biocompatibility properties. It can be melted and solution-processed and comes in various form factors; additionally, it can even be formed into three-dimensional shapes for customization purposes.

Low processing temperature makes this material ideal for the production of large parts in one step, and its wide variety of thin films makes them useful for applications such as LCD screens, insulators for premium-class wires, and sound-absorbing materials. Furthermore, lithium can even be used to manufacture batteries!

This material offers many advantages, including resistance to corrosion and no toxic fumes during processing. Furthermore, its non-toxicity and biocompatibility make it suitable for medical and pharmaceutical uses, as well as its lightweight nature, which withstands high temperatures.

PVDF can be an ideal insulator for electrical wires and cables due to its low thermal conductivity, and it can be utilized for medical devices like catheters, surgical sutures, dental implants, and UV protective shielding materials. PVDF also makes an excellent material choice when protecting medical devices against sun UV rays.

PVDF is a thermoplastic material, soluble in organic solvents, with a low melting point of 171degC. It can be dissolved with methylsulfonic acid, dimethylacetamide, and dimethylformamide to enhance polymers such as elastomers or nylons and increase their properties while serving as membranes in fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries.


ECTFE, produced by Solvay under the trade name Halar, is an exceptional semi-crystalline copolymer of ethylene and chlorotrifluoroethylene with outstanding chemical and mechanical resistance and mechanical strength, making it suitable for a range of industrial applications. Due to its chemical- and temperature-resistant nature, including exposure to acids, alkalis, organic solvents, as well as caustic soda and hydrochloric acid, corrosion from these sources is also highly unlikely.

FEP and PFA are widely soluble chemicals; ECTFE requires higher temperatures in order to form a homogenous solution with its diluent (an organic solvent with a high boiling point and low volatility). After quenching, thermally-induced phase separation (TIPS) takes place, producing microporous membranes of various structures, depending on their composition and other variables in the system. Please refer to the figure below.

ECTFE is highly resistant to corrosion from aggressive acids, caustic soda, hydrochloric gas, and chlorine gas. Furthermore, its mechanical strength and abrasion resistance are very good; furthermore, it resists radiation as well as high temperatures – all factors that make ECTFE suitable for industrial processes in various forms; coating form can be used to line steel tanks, GRP pipes, and accessories or integrated into valves and pumps for instance.


Fluoropolymers’ chemical resistance makes them the perfect material to use in demanding environments that ordinary plastics cannot. Fluoropolymers can withstand extreme temperatures and harsh chemicals while remaining nonadhesive and low friction – Plus, acting as a lubricant can reduce wear on machinery while improving energy efficiency! Because of this versatility, fluoropolymers are indispensable components in many different fields, from aerospace to electronics manufacturing and fluid handling industries.

Fluoropolymers, more specifically PTFE, are best known for preventing food from sticking to pans; however, their versatility and durability have many other uses as well – from nonstick cookware manufacturing to stain-repellent fabric production, pharmaceutical processing equipment or chemical processing machines.

One of the critical characteristics of PTFE is its low friction coefficient, which helps lower operating costs by minimizing wear and tear on equipment. Furthermore, its superior creep resistance means it can withstand higher levels of stress without deforming or breaking.

PTFE boasts high thermal resistance, operating in temperatures as high as 260 degrees Celsius without cracking or deforming, with excellent stress crack resistance and dielectric strength. Furthermore, unlike some other fluoropolymers, such as PFA (perfluoroalkoxyalkanes), which requires melt processing during formation using traditional injection molding techniques, PFA melt-processable properties enable thicker coatings than some other fluoropolymers.

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